Around 10 million people have Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) worldwide. The number of US military personnel suffering from TBI has almost tripled from 11,000 to 30,000 between 2000 and 2010. War in Iraq and Afghanistan has been adding to the number of TBIs through insurgent attacks and roadside bombings.
Whether the TBI injuries are minor or severe, recovery can take months to years and is rarely complete, especially when it comes to severe cases. The U.S. Department of Defense called for an evaluation of how effective Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT) in the treatment of TBI so that they could better decide how available the treatments should be and how to implement them in the military health system.
The Institute of Medicine has released a new report, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense, stating that there has been progress in treating TBI using Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT).
According to Committee Chair Ira Shoulson, (professor of neurology, pharmacology, and human science, and director of the program from regulatory science and medicine, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, D.C.) "This report lays out a research agenda to surmount the shortcomings and challenges that have thus far limited our understanding of the full effectiveness of various forms of cognitive rehabilitation therapy in helping patients with different severity and stages of TBI."
Those living with TBI have a long road ahead of them. Rehabilitation and reintegration into everyday life is a long-term challenge. They need an effective health care infrastructure, evidence-based treatment and rehabilitation policies to cope with and care for their impairments.
There are a variety of forms of CRT that are different according to the problems the patient is suffering from and the techniques used to treat them, so there is a problem with assessing the effectiveness of the treatments. Because researchers cannot empirically classify the results even thought it is clear that CRT is successful, they are frustrated. Research's first goal is to improve the way the data is collected and come up with a standard set of terms that practitioners treating TBI patience can use to describe the therapy used and the outcome.
• Balance problems or dizziness
• Double or blurry vision
• Loss of consciousness
• Memory problems
• Pressure in the head
• Sensitivity to light and/or noise
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