Brain and Spinal Injury Attorneys KCAIAIf you or a family member suffered a traumatic brain injury or a spinal cord injury in a catastrophic accident, you're not alone. More Americans than ever before are being treated for brain and spinal injuries each year. Both The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC) report that motor vehicle accidents and falls—many of which are caused by the negligent actions of a person or business—are the top two causes of these devastating injuries.

While any major injury can cause undue stress for a family, brain and spinal cord injuries are among the most difficult to endure. The victim of a traumatic brain injury (TBI) or a spinal cord injury often needs expensive medical treatments and may be unable to work for months or longer—some people can't return to their jobs at all. If this is the situation for you or a loved one, you may be entitled to compensation from the individual or business responsible for causing the accident. 

Our team of experienced spine and brain injury lawyers is dedicated to protecting the rights of innocent victims throughout Kansas and Missouri. We're ready to help you and your family obtain the justice and compensation you deserve.

How Brain and Spinal Injuries Occur

There are many types of accidents that can trigger brain or spinal damage. Following are some of the most common causes of these devastating injuries:

Car accidents. Critical factors include the force of impact on the spinal column, a jolt to the head, or penetration of the brain by an object in the collision. While brain and spinal injuries are more likely when the at-fault driver is speeding, even a minor rear-end collision can result in permanent impairment.

Truck Accidents

Truck wreck victims are at an increased risk for catastrophic brain and spinal injuries due to the immense size and weight of the vehicle and force of the crash. Distracted driving, violation of federal hours of service rules that govern how long a trucker can work without a break, and intoxication are just a few ways truck operators cause accidents.

Motorcycle Accidents 

Motorcycle riders have only their helmets and clothing to protect them. When a motorcycle accident occurs, they can be thrown off their bikes onto the pavement—sometimes into oncoming traffic. 

Drunk Driving Accidents

Driving under the influence (DUI) in Kansas and driving while intoxicated (DWI) in Missouri are essentially the same thing. But no matter what you call it, both DUI and DWI reduce essential driving skills such as reaction time, vision, and judgment. Drunk driving accidents are often caused by impaired drivers who are speeding, driving against the flow of traffic, tailgating, or engaging in other reckless behaviors.

Slip And Fall Accidents 

Many individuals suffer brain or spinal injuries in slip and fall accidents. Spilled liquids, worn and frayed carpets and flooring, and ice and water in parking lots and property entrances are some of the hazardous conditions that cause victims to fall if property and business owners fail to remove the dangers.

Nursing Home Abuse And Neglect 

When the nursing home staff fails to provide proper care and supervision, residents are at risk of slip and falls or other types of accidents that results in TBIs or spinal damage. Injured residents may be able to pursue an abuse or neglect case against the nursing home.

Workplace Injuries

Slips and falls, falls from heights, and motor vehicle collisions are typical causes of work-related brain and spinal injuries. In some cases, a victim could have a Kansas or Missouri workers’ compensation claim against his employer and a third-party negligence claim against another individual or business.

Defective Products

If consumer products such as motor vehicles, airbags, brakes, tires, or furniture aren't designed or manufactured properly, they can fail and cause serious harm. Accident victims who are harmed by these products may have a product liability claim against the parts and product manufacturers.

Medical Malpractice 

Surgical mistakes and anesthesia errors can deprive patients of oxygen and cause permanent brain injuries. Surgical errors, a doctor’s failure to properly diagnose a condition, and other negligent actions may result in spinal damage. Patients may be able to file a medical malpractice lawsuit against the hospital, medical staff, or their doctors to recover compensation for their injuries.

Types of Brain Injuries

The severity of a brain injury varies depending on the circumstances of the accident, but many people suffer devastating effects on their mobility, concentration, judgment, memory, and other abilities that impact the ability to work and take care of daily needs. Common brain injuries include:

  • Acquired brain injury caused by events after a birth
  • Concussion
  • Contusion
  • Coup-contrecoup conditions
  • Skull fracture
  • Traumatic brain injury

Types of Spinal Injuries

The effects of a spinal injury depend upon the location of the damage; each level corresponds to the loss of a variety of bodily functions. When the spine damage causes partial or complete paralysis, accident victims can become permanently disabled and require 24/7 care. In addition, they may develop bowel, urinary, respiratory, and other complications, which are sometimes life-threatening. Common spinal injuries include:

  • Incomplete or complete spine damage
  • Brown-Sequard syndrome
  • Central cord syndrome
  • Anterior cord syndrome
  • Paraplegia
  • Triplegia
  • Quadriplegia

Damages for Brain and Spinal Injuries in Kansas and Missouri

After a debilitating brain or spinal injury, you may need expensive, long-term medical care and professional assistance with your daily tasks. Under Missouri and Kansas law, you're entitled to compensation for past and future damages from the negligent party that caused your accident. In general, you may seek these types of damages:

Prepare for What Comes After a Catastrophic Brain or Spinal Injury

After a brain or spinal cord injury, the process of filing a claim for compensation with the negligent party’s insurance company can be overwhelming, but you don’t have to go it alone. Our compassionate and knowledgeable lawyers are here to guide you through the legal process—from filing your claim to negotiating your settlement—so you are fully compensated for your damages. We will also provide you with the critical information you need to know about building a winning case against the negligent parties, such as:

  • What to do after a brain injury or spinal injury
  • Mistakes that could hurt your injury claim
  • How to document your brain injury symptoms
  • How to document your spinal cord injury symptoms
  • How to file a brain injury or spinal injury claim
  • Deadline to file a brain or spinal injury lawsuit
  • Types of brain injury treatments you may need
  • Types of spinal injury treatments you may need
  • What to do if an insurance adjuster contacts you
  • Benefits of working with a skilled brain and spinal cord injury attorney
  • How to support a loved one with a brain or spinal injury 
  • How to prove the extent of your brain injury
  • Importance of a life care plan

A Guide to the Language of Traumatic Brain Injuries

Kansas City residents are often frightened and reluctant to discuss traumatic brain injury and how it affects sufferers .  Reasonably so--a traumatic brain injury can affect memory, personality, intelligence, basic bodily function, and other brain responsibilities of the brain; it has the potential to be absolutely devastating.  Some victims face years of treatment and still never fully recover.

Your daily life depends on a your brain—you are able to wake every morning to breathe in the smell of your coffee, make your way through the streets of downtown Kansas City as you work and play, and settle down to dinner with your family all because of your hardworking brain.  Your brain is also the core of who you are—the decisions you make, the thoughts you have, and the words you speak—these aspects of your personality all originate in that organ. 

TBI is caused by an impact severe enough to disrupt the brain’s ability to function, which can occur due to a variety of causes.  For example, after a serious or even minor car accident, TBI could occur from a blow to the head or a sharp object penetrating the skull.  Details of TBI symptoms and its causes are as complex as the situations in which TBI occurs, but knowing more about how these injuries can occur and what to do after an automobile collision or fall can help alleviate this tumultuous emotional experience.

If you or a loved one has sustained a moderate or severe TBI, the Kansas City Accident Injury Attorneys can help you determine if you are eligible to file a personal injury claim to compensate for present and future medical bills, psychological suffering, loss of wages, and more.  Contact us here on the website or call 816-471-5111 for a free consultation. 

Learn even more by downloading a free copy of our Brain Injury Survivor’s Guide which will further explain the brain itself, the kinds of brain injuries that one can suffer, how brain injury affects an individual’s daily life, the emotional side of the experience, and therapy/recovery options. 

Traumatic brain injury is scary, but becoming informed can help you move forward in spite of that fear.  Below is a glossary of terms often found in the realm of traumatic brain injury—these are divided into “Parts of the Brain and Procedures” and “Conditions of the brain.”

Parts of the Brain and Procedures

Basal Ganglia:  The “grey matter”, or mass cluster of neurons, found in the brain tissue at the base of the forebrain.  This area controls voluntary movement throughout the body as well as cognitive and emotional functions.  It communicates extensively with other central areas of the brain.  Damage to this area can lead to involuntary ticks and loss of motor control, such as those associated with Parkinson’s disease.

Brain Stem:  The region that connects the brain and the spinal cord and regulates very basic functions such as breathing, blood pressure, level of arousal or consciousness, heart rate, and digestion.  All information between the brain and the body is relayed through the brain stem, such as motor and sensory input.  Because the brain stem regulates such fundamental processes, serious injury can be extremely serious and life-threatening.

Cerebral Cortex: This is the outermost layer of grey matter at the top of the brain and includes two-thirds of the entire brain’s mass.  Together, its four lobes are responsible for receiving and processing sensory information, reasoning and other forms of thinking, visual perception, memory, emotion, language, and hearing. 

Cerebral Hemispheres: The two sides of the brain, right and left.  Both work together in carrying out some processes, but each half has its own responsibilities.  The two hemispheres are linked by a bundle of nerves called the corpus callosum.

CT/CAT Scan:  An exam that consists of a series of X-rays in order to map the brain in detail and diagnose an individual’s severity of injury and its location.  Snapshots are taken from different angles and of different cross-sections to gain a detailed, comprehensive image of the brain.  The CT scan is often used in lieu of an MRI as it

Electroencephalogram (EEG):  A painless medical exam that detects the levels of electrical activity using small, metal discs, or electrodes, that are applied to the scalp.  Even during sleep, the brain’s cells emit electric signals, which the EEG tracks to determi ne level of brain activity.

Frontal Lobes:  The region of the brain at the forefront of each hemisphere; these regulate movement, decision-making, problem-solving, planning, memory, and personality expression.  

Glasgow Coma Scale:  A method of measuring the degree of loss of consciousness from head injury..  The scale has three components—eye, verbal, and motor response—that are scored from 1 to 15 and then combined.  A final score of 7 or lower indicates coma or death, while 15 indicates a patient is responsive.

Grey Matter:   In contrast to the white matter that regulates action-related functions, grey matter regulates processing and cognition, absorbing information from sensory organs.  Grey matter consists of bundles of large numbers of neural cell bodies that altogether form the cerebral cortex.

Hippocampus:  This structure sits near the central region of the brain underneath the cortex and plays an integral role in both short-and long-term memory encryption, spatial navigation, emotion, and sexuality.   Damage to this region can result in memory loss and has been linked with effects on intellectual and verbal memory function as well.

Intracranial Pressure Monitor (ICP): The ICP is used to measure the pressure inside the skull as the brain swells from severe trauma.   Continued swelling hinders the brain’s oxygen supply, resulting in anoxia or hypoxia (see below), and the ICP can determine whether the patient is at risk for further injury.  Most patients are already unconscious, but this procedure is also sometimes done under general or local anesthesia.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI):  This test is similar to a CT/CAT scan but tends to be more costly and far more time-consuming (45 minutes for an MRI versus 5 to 10 for a CT scan), so it is often ruled out in the heat of a medical emergency.  Unlike the CT scan, an MRI does not use radiation or invasive techniques, and the images from an MRI tend to be of higher quality. 

Motor Cortex:  This brain region is the center of planning and executing voluntary movements and is located throughout the upper surface of the brain on the primary sensory cortex.

Nasogastric Tube: Also what is known as a feeding tube, this object provides liquid food for patients unable to ingest solid food, possibly due to brain injury.  It travels through the nose and ino the throat before entering the stomach.

Neurotransmitters:  Each neuron in the body communicates with other neurons through these tiny chemicals.  The receiving neuron has special receptors for various neurotransmitters, which include the well-known dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin.  These and other neurotransmitters allow a wide variety of products throughout the brain and body, such as action or pleasure.

Occipital Lobes: The region of the brain at the rear of the two cerebral hemispheres that regulates visual processes.

Temporal Lobes: These lobes are located in the lower half of the brain under the frontal and parietal lobes.  This region includes the hippocampus and is integral in a variety of sensory- and memory-related functions: language, sight, memory, emotion, and hearing.

Ventilator:  This machine supports the breathing of patients who are unresponsive, such as those whore are in a persistent vegetative state or are comatose.  It does this by moving air in and out of the lungs mechanically, and the oxygen content of this air can be adjusted according to a patient’s needs.


Amnesia: loss of memory, often caused by physical trauma known in the medical field as Post-Traumatic Amnesia (PTA).  In retrograde amnesia, there is a loss of memories encoded prior to the injury. In anterograde amnesia, there is disruption in the ability to create new memories after the injury occurs.  Amnesia can occur in a wide range of severity, and factors such as loss of consciousness play a key role in the length and intensity of PTA.   Because memory plays a key role in intelligence, PTA can bes associated with intelligence impairment and other long-term effects on the brain.

Aneurysm:  A condition in which an artery becomes enlarged (known as a “true” aneurysm, occurring in all three layers of the arterial wall) or leaks blood (known as a “false” or pseudoaneurysm, often caused by trauma).  Aneurysms can occur in the brain, thorax, legs, and other areas—cerebral aneurysms can cause deadly strokes.

Anoxia/Hypoxia:  The complete absence of oxygen reaching the brain despite blood flow to the tissue is called anoxia, while hypoxia refers to a decrease in oxygen supply despite blood flow to the tissue.  Cases of anoxia and hypoxia can result in coma for nearly any range of time from hours to months, myoclonic jerks, or muscle spasms, neck stiffness, and permanent brain damage.

Aphasia/Dysphasia: A language disorder in which someone struggles to grasp meaning from spoken or written language and has difficulty expressing thoughts verbally.  This condition can follow a brain injury.  A complete loss of language is known as aphasia, while a partial loss is called dysphasia.

Athetosis:  A condition in which the sufferer involuntarily makes repetitive, writhing movements of the hands and sometimes the toes and feet; this can result from TBI and other brain disorders.

Dyspraxia: The condition in which someone loses coordination and the ability to carry out smooth and controlled movements, affecting large and small muscle movements at varying degrees.  Most commonly a developmental disorder that affects children very early, dyspraxia can also result from a brain injury. 

Haematoma:  A pooling of blood outside of the blood vessels in the skull or abdomen.  This internal bleeding also causes swelling that, in the brain, can cause permanent brain damage as it creates pressure against the brain and skull.

Oedema/edema:  An organ swelling from fluid building up in the tissue—oedema in the brain can cause swelling and increased pressure in the skull.

Persistent Vegetative State (PVS):  This term is used to describe the condition of severe brain injury patients who are in a state of unconsciousness but still breathing, showing a regular heartbeat, and exhibiting other basic functions and are in this state for longer than a few weeks.

Respiratory Arrest: When someone has stopped breathing and oxygen is not being delivered from the bloodstream to the lungs.  This state can lead to cardiac arrest if medical attention does not restore respiratory function promptly.

Call Our Personal Injury Attorneys to Learn How We Can Help

At Kansas City Accident Injury Attorneys, we’re dedicated to protecting the rights of injured victims and securing both the justice and compensation you deserve. If your life has turned completely upside down due to a TBI or spinal injury, our experienced personal injury lawyers are ready to assist you. 

From our offices in Kansas City, Overland Park, Lee’s Summit, Parkville, St. Joseph, and Olathe, we're able to serve clients throughout Kansas and Missouri. Call our office or start a live chat today to schedule a free consultation with a member of our legal team to learn about your options.

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James Roswold
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James Roswold is a Kansas & Missouri personal injury, workers comp, and medical malpractice attorney.