According to a recent report by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, swimming pool and spa drowning peak in June, July and August.
 
Every year, about 299 children under the age of 5 drown in swimming pools and spas. Half of these children are toddlers between the ages of one and two. An additional 86 children between 5 and 15 also drown each year.  

Annually, about 4,200 children are treated in emergency rooms for pool or spa immersion injuries or near drowning. 
Most swimming pool deaths of children under 5 occur at home. Children between 5 and 15 are more likely to drown at a public pool.
 
The CPSC suggests that families use multiple safeguards to prevent drowning. They suggest that families with swimming pools follow these safety precautions:
 
Place barriers completely around the pool.
 
 Fences around a pool should be at least 4 feet high and completely encase the pool.
• Fence slats should be less than 4 inches apart to prevent children from squeezing through.
• Gates should be self-closing and self-latching.  Latches should be out of reach of young children.
• If your house forms part of the barrier around the pool, then doors to the pool should have alarms that sound when 
• Steps or ladders to an above ground pool should be secured or removed when not in use.
 
Closely supervise young children at all times.
 
• Don’t assume that a child who knows how to swim is drown-proof. Always supervise children while swimming.
• Do not use flotation devices as a substitute for supervision.

Be prepared in case of emergency.
  • Keep rescue equipment and a phone near the pool.
  • Learn CPR and basic first aid.
  • Keep emergency phone numbers posted on or near the phone.
Under certain conditions, the suction from the drains of swimming pools and spas can entrap swimmers underwater.  To prevent entrapment danger, take these steps:
  
Replace old, flat drain covers with a newer, dome-shaped drain cover.
  • Never use a pool or spa with a broken or missing drain cover.
  • Consider installing a Safety Vacuum Release System (SVRS) device that will automatically shut off the pump if a blockage is detected.
  • Get your pool or spa inspected for entrapment or entanglement hazards.
  • Mark the electrical cut-off switch so it can be quickly found in an emergency.
  • If someone is trapped, cut off the pump immediately.
  • Place a hand between the victim and the drain to break the suction.  Do not pull on the victim.

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James Roswold
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James Roswold is a Kansas & Missouri personal injury, workers comp, and medical malpractice attorney.